Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
note: English is commonly used in government and is spoken competently by about 10% of the population.
tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon (December to March); southwest monsoon (June to October)
Buddhist 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
21,283,913 (July 2011 est.)country comparison to the world: 57
occasional cyclones and tornadoes